TitleUpwelling-driven nearshore hypoxia signals ecosystem and oceanographic changes in the northeast Pacific
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsGrantham, BA, Chan, F, Nielsen, KJ, Fox, DS, Barth, JA, Huyer, A, Lubchenco, J, Menge, B
Type of ArticleJournal Article

Seasonal development of dissolved-oxygen deficits (hypoxia) represents an acute system-level perturbation to ecological dynamics and fishery sustainability in coastal ecosystems around the globe(1-3). Whereas anthropogenic nutrient loading has increased the frequency and severity of hypoxia in estuaries and semi-enclosed seas(3,4), the occurrence of hypoxia in open-coast upwelling systems reflects ocean conditions that control the delivery of oxygen-poor and nutrient-rich deep water onto continental shelves(1). Upwelling systems support a large proportion of the world's fisheries(5), therefore understanding the links between changes in ocean climate, upwelling-driven hypoxia and ecological perturbations is critical. Here we report on the unprecedented development of severe inner-shelf (

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