TitleSystematics of the North American beetle subgenus Pseudoperyphus (Coleoptera : Carabidae : Bembidion) based upon morphological, chromosomal, and molecular data
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsMaddison, DR
JournalAnnals of Carnegie Museum
Volume77
Pagination147-193
Type of ArticleJournal Article
ISSN0097-4463
Abstract

The Subgenus Pseudoperyphus Hatch of Latreille is revised. External structure,male genitalia, chromosome number, and DNA sequences from seven genes (28S rDNA. 18S rDNA, cytochrome oxidase 1, wingless, CAD, arginine kinase, and RNA polymerase 11) reveal the presence of nine Species. Five of the species belong to the B. chalceum subgroup: B. chalceum Dejean, B. rothfelsi, new species (type locality: Bridgewater, Vermont), B. bellorum, new species (type locality: Tygart Valley River near Valley I-lead, West Virginia), B. antiquum Dejean, and B. louisella, new species (type locality: North Aspy River near Cape North, Nova Scotia). The remaining species belong to the B. honestum Subgroup: B honestum Say, B. arenobilis, new species (type locality: Danville, Virginia), B. integrum Casey, and B. Chaudoir. The group) is Most diverse in Vermont, where seven species live. The geographic ranges of many species overlap: of the 36 possible species pairings, 28 are found Ill sympathy. The morphological character system most closely correlated with species boundaries, as indicated by DNA sequences, is shape of the flagellum of the male genitalia, and it is likely involved in reproductive isolation. The shape of the pronotum is also implicated as important for species recognition. Two species, B. chalceum mid B.. rothfelsi, show derived haploid chromosome numbers distinct from the typical n=12 (fouond in other Pseudoperyphus and most other Bembiction, with n=13 and n=17 respectively. Each of the nine species is inferred to be monophyletic ill the Rayesian gene trec of at least one gene, but five of the species are paraphyletic for at least one gene, with two species (B. antiquum and B. arenobilis) being paraphyletic for as many genes as they are monophyletic. Evidence for nuclear copies of cytochrome oxidase I (COI) in several,species makes inference of the COI is not the gene tree difficult,and is one reason that COI is not the gene of choice to identify Pseudoperyphus specimens contrary to standard DNA barcoding protocols. The best Single gene for species identification is 28S rDNA; the two worst are COI and wingless. A key species and geographic distribution maps are provided.

URL<Go to ISI>://WOS:000258601900012
DOI10.2992/0097-4463-77.1.147