TitleSexual and lifetime selection on body size in a marine fish: the importance of life-history trade-offs
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsJohnson, DW, Hixon, MA
JournalJournal of Evolutionary Biology
Volume24
Pagination1653-1663
Type of ArticleJournal Article
ISSN1010-061X
Abstract

Many field measurements of viability and sexual selection on body size indicate that large size is favoured. However, life-history theory predicts that body size may be optimized and that patterns of selection may often be stabilizing rather than directional. One reason for this discrepancy may be that field estimates of selection tend to focus on limited components of fitness and may not fully measure life-history trade-offs. We use an 8-year, demographic field study to examine both sexual selection and lifetime selection on body size of a coral reef fish (the bicolour damselfish, Stegastes partitus). Selection via reproductive success of adults was very strong (standardized selection differential = 1.04). However, this effect was balanced by trade-offs between large adult size and reduced cumulative survival during the juvenile phase. When we measured lifetime fitness (net reproductive rate), selection was strongly stabilizing and only weakly directional, consistent with predictions from life-history theory.

URL<Go to ISI>://WOS:000292699200003
DOI10.1111/j.1420-9101.2011.02298.x