TitleRecruitment facilitation can promote coexistence and buffer population growth in metacommunities
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsGouhier, TC, Menge, B, Hacker, SD
JournalEcology Letters
Volume14
Pagination1201-1210
Type of ArticleJournal Article
ISSN1461-023X
Abstract

Although positive species interactions are ubiquitous in nature, theory has generally focused on the role of negative interactions to explain patterns of species diversity. Here, we incorporate recruitment facilitation, a positive interaction prevalent in marine and terrestrial systems, into a metacommunity framework to assess how the interplay between colonisation, competition and facilitation mediates coexistence. We show that when subordinate species facilitate the recruitment of dominant species, multi-species metacommunities can persist stably even if the colonisation rate of the dominant species is greater than that of the subordinate species. In addition, recruitment facilitation can buffer population growth from changes in colonisation rates, and thus explain the paradoxical mismatch between patterns of abundance and recruitment in marine systems. Overall, our results demonstrate that recruitment facilitation can have profound effects on the assembly, dissolution and regulation of metacommunities by mediating the relative influence of local and regional processes on population abundance and species diversity.

URL<Go to ISI>://WOS:000297147500003
DOI10.1111/j.1461-0248.2011.01690.x