TitlePaleohaemoproteus burmacis gen. n., sp n. (Haemospororida : Plasmodiidae) from an early cretaceous biting midge (Diptera : Ceratopogonidae)
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsPoinar, GO, Telford, SR
JournalParasitology
Volume131
Pagination79-84
Type of ArticleJournal Article
ISSN0031-1820
Abstract

Paleohaemoproteus burmacis gen. n., sp. n. (Haemospororida: Plasmodiidae) is described from the abdominal cavity of a female biting midge (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) preserved in 100 million year old amber from Myanmar (Burma). The description is based on the developmental stages of oocysts and sporozoites. The fossil species differs from extant species of Haemoproteus by its wide range of oocyst sizes, small sporozoites and occurrence in an extinct species of biting midge. Numerous sporozoites in the abdominal cavity suggest that the biting midge was an effective vector of this malarial parasite. Characters of the biting midge suggest that the host was a large, cold-blooded vertebrate. This is the earliest record of a malaria parasite and first indication that Early Cretaceous reptiles were infected with haemosporidial parasites.

URL<Go to ISI>://WOS:000231004500009
DOI10.1017/s0031182005007298