TitleNeuroanatomical distribution of vasotocin in a urodele amphibian (Taricha granulosa) revealed by immunohistochemical and in situ hybridization techniques
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1997
AuthorsLowry, CA, Richardson, CF, Zoeller, TR, Miller, LJ, Muske, LE, Moore, FL
JournalJournal of Comparative Neurology
Type of ArticleJournal Article

Immunohistochemical and in situ hybridization techniques were used to investigate the neuroanatomical distribution of arginine vasotocin-like systems in the roughskin newt (Taricha granulosa). Vasotocin-like-immunoreactive neuronal cell bo dies were identified that, based on topographical position, most likely are homologous to groups of vasopressin-immunoreactive neuronal cell bodies described in mammals, including those in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, medial amygdala, basal septal region, magnocellular basal forebrain-including the horizontal limb of the diagonal band of Broca, paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei, suprachiasmatic nucleus, and dorsomedial hypothalamic nucleus. Several additional vasotocin-like-immunoreactive cell groups were observed in the forebrain and brainstem regions; these observations are compared with previous studies of vasotocin- and vasopressin-like systems in vertebrates. Arginine vasotocin-like-immunoreactive fibers and presumed terminals also were widely distributed with high densities in the basal limbic forebrain, the ventral preoptic and hypothalamic regions, and the brainstem ventromedial tegmentum. Based on in situ hybridization studies with synthetic oligonucleotide probes for vasotocin and the related neuropeptide mesotocin, as well as double-labeling studies with combined immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization, we conclude that the vasotocin immunohistochemical procedures used identify vasotocin-like, but not mesotocin-like, elements in the brain of T. granulosa. The distribution of arginine vasotocin-like systems in T. granulosa is greater than the distribution previously reported for any other single vertebrate species; however, it is consistent with an emerging pattern of distribution of vasotocin- and vasopressin-like peptides in vertebrates. Complexity in the vasotocinergic system adds further support to the conclusion that this peptide regulates multiple neurophysiological and neuroendocrinological functions. (C) 1997 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

URL<Go to ISI>://WOS:A1997XP43000003