TitleNeuroanatomical distribution of chicken-I gonadotropin-releasing hormone (cGnRH-I) in the brain of the male red-sided garter snake
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1997
AuthorsSmith, MT, Moore, FL, Mason, RT
JournalBrain Behavior and Evolution
Type of ArticleJournal Article

Immunocytochemistry was used to investigate the neuroanatomical distribution of the chicken-I form of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (cGnRH-I) in reproductively active, male, red-sided garter snakes (Thamnophis sirtalis parietalis). Cell bodies with cGnRH-I immunoreactivity (ir) were found in the terminal nerve ganglion, nucleus of the diagonal band of Broca, medial preoptic area, and the hypothalamus. Fibers containing cGnRH-Iir were distributed in the following brain areas. Within the olfactory bulb, fibers were found in the internal plexiform, mitral and glomerular cell layers, as well as in the terminal nerve; within the forebrain, fibers were observed in the diagonal band of Broca, rostral and lateral septum, lateral pallium, retrobulbar region pars dorsomedialis, nucleus accumbens, medial preoptic area, hippocampal commissure, amygdala, posterior dorsal ventricular ridge, hypothalamus, median eminence, and the thalamus; within the midbrain, fibers were found in the interpeduncular nucleus and the stratum album periventricular of the optic tectum. This study shows that the distribution of cell bodies for cGnRH-Iir in this reptile is consistent with the distribution of immunoreactivity for cGnRH-I in birds and mammalian GnRH in amphibians and mammals. Using antiserum specific to cGnRH-I, the endogenous form of GnRH, this is the first study to show that the terminal nerve in a reptile contains GnRH immunoreactivity.

URL<Go to ISI>://WOS:A1997WL36300003