TitleMicrotubules are the only structural constituent of the spindle apparatus required for induction of cell cleavage
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2003
AuthorsAlsop, GB, Zhang, DH
JournalJournal of Cell Biology
Volume162
Pagination383-390
Type of ArticleJournal Article
ISSN0021-9525
Abstract

Structural constituents of the spindle apparatus essential for cleavage induction remain undefined. Findings from various cell types using different approaches suggest the importance of all structural constituents, including asters, the central spindle, and chromosomes. in this study, we systematically dissected the role of each constituent in cleavage induction in grasshopper spermatocytes and narrowed the essential one down to bundled microtubules. Using micromanipulation, we produced "cells" containing only asters, a truncated central spindle lacking both asters and chromosomes, or microtubules alone. We show that furrow induction occurs under all circumstances, so long as sufficient microtubules are present. Microtubules, as the only spindle structural constituent, undergo dramatic, stage-specific reorganizations, radiating toward cell cortex in "metaphase," disassembling in "anaphase," and bundling into arrays in "telophase." Furrow induction usually occurs at multisites around microtubule bundles, but only those induced by sustained bundles ingress. We suggest that microtubules, regardless of source, are the only structural constituent of the spindle apparatus essential for cleavage furrow induction.

URL<Go to ISI>://WOS:000184667900004
DOI10.1083/jcb.200301073