TitleLarval Dispersal and Marine Population Connectivity
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsCowen, RK, Sponaugle, S
Book TitleAnnual Review of Marine Science
Series TitleAnnual Review of Marine Science
Volume1
Pagination443-466
PublisherAnnual Reviews
CityPalo Alto
ISBN Number1941-1405 978-0-8243-4501-3
Abstract

Connectivity, or the exchange of individuals among marine populations, is a central topic in marine ecology. For most benthic marine species with complex life cycles, this exchange occurs primarily during the pelagic larval stage. The small size of larvae coupled with the vast and complex fluid environment they Occupy hamper Our ability to quantify dispersal and connectivity. Evidence from direct and indirect approaches using geochemical and genetic techniques suggests that populations range front fully open to hilly closed. Understanding the biophysical processes that contribute to observed dispersal patterns requires integrated interdisciplinary approaches that incorporate high-resolution biophysical modeling and empirical data. Further, differential postsettlement survival of larvae may add complexity to measurements of connectivity. The degree to which populations self recruit or receive subsidy from other populations has consequences for a number of fundamental ecological processes that affect population regulation and persistence. Finally, a full understanding of population connectivity has important applications for management and conservation.

URL<Go to ISI>://WOS:000267421700018
DOI10.1146/annurev.marine.010908.163757