TitleImpacts of biodiversity on the emergence and transmission of infectious diseases
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsKeesing, F, Belden, LK, Daszak, P, Dobson, A, Harvell, CD, Holt, RD, Hudson, P, Jolles, A, Jones, KE, Mitchell, CE, Myers, SS, Bogich, T, Ostfeld, RS
JournalNature
Volume468
Pagination647-652
Type of ArticleJournal Article
ISSN0028-0836
Abstract

Current unprecedented declines in biodiversity reduce the ability of ecological communities to provide many fundamental ecosystem services. Here we evaluate evidence that reduced biodiversity affects the transmission of infectious diseases of humans, other animals and plants. In principle, loss of biodiversity could either increase or decrease disease transmission. However, mounting evidence indicates that biodiversity loss frequently increases disease transmission. In contrast, areas of naturally high biodiversity may serve as a source pool for new pathogens. Overall, despite many remaining questions, current evidence indicates that preserving intact ecosystems and their endemic biodiversity should generally reduce the prevalence of infectious diseases.

URL<Go to ISI>://WOS:000284836700031
DOI10.1038/nature09575