TitleIdentification of symbiotic bacteria (Photorhabdus and Xenorhabdus) from the entomopathogenic nematodes Heterorhabditis marelatus and Steinernema oregonense based on 16S rDNA sequence
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsLiu, J, Berry, RE, Blouin, M
JournalJournal of Invertebrate Pathology
Type of ArticleJournal Article

Two species of entomopathogenic nematodes, Heterorhabditis marelatus and Steinernema oregonense, were described recently from the west coast of North America. Tt is not known whether the bacterial symbionts of these nematodes are also unique, Here we compared partial 16S rRNA sequences from the symbiotic bacteria of these two nematodes with sequence from previously described Photorhabdus and Xenorhabdus species. The 16S sequence from the new Xenorhabdus isolate appears very similar to, although not identical to, that of X. bovienii, the common symbiont of S. feltiae. The new Photorhabdus isolate appears to be very distinct from other known Photorhabdus species, although its closest affinities are with the P, temperata group. We also verified a monoxenic association between each isolate and its nematode by amplifying and sequencing bacterial 16S sequence from crushed adult and juvenile nematodes and from bacterial cultures isolated from infected hosts. (C) 2001 Academic Press.

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