TitleIdentification and characterization of mesotocin and V1a-like vasotocin receptors in a urodele amphibian, Taricha granulosa
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsSearcy, BT, Bradford, CS, Thompson, RR, Filtz, TM, Moore, FL
JournalGeneral and Comparative Endocrinology
Volume170
Pagination131-143
Type of ArticleJournal Article
ISSN0016-6480
Abstract

The cDNA sequences encoding the mesotocin receptor (MTR) and vasotocin 1a receptor (VTR-1a) were identified in a urodele amphibian, the rough-skinned newt, Taricha granulosa. Saturation binding of [H-3]oxytocin (OT) to the Taricha MTR (tMTR) was best fit by a two-state model; a high affinity-low abundance site and a lower affinity-high abundance site. Competition-binding studies found the following rank-order affinities for the tMTR: mesotocin (MT) > OT approximate to vasotocin (VT) > vasopressin (VP) > isotocin (IT). Inositol phosphate (IP) accumulation studies demonstrated functional activity of both the tMTR and Taricha VTR-1a (tVTR-1a) in a heterologous cell culture system. The rank-order potencies for the tMTR were MT > OT > VT approximate to VP > IT. The combined binding and IP results indicate that VT may act as a partial agonist of the tMTR. Rank-order potencies for the tVTR-1a were VT > VP > MT approximate to OT > IT. For both receptors, stimulation of IP accumulation was blocked by d(CH2)(5)[Tyr(Me)(2)]AVP (Manning compound) and d(CH2)(5)[Tyr(Me)(2),Thr(4),Tyr-NH2]OVT (OTA). OTA was a more potent antagonist for the transiently expressed tMTR while Manning compound was relatively more potent at inhibiting IP accumulation in tVTR-1a expressing cells. In contradiction to earlier assumptions, the absolute IC50 of Manning compound was lower for the tMTR (27 nM +/- 13) than the tVTR-1a (586 nM +/- 166) indicating its potential higher affinity for the tMTR, a finding with special relevance to interpretation of comparative studies investigating the behavioral and physiological actions of neurohypophysial peptides in non-mammalian species. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

URL<Go to ISI>://WOS:000286367400013
DOI10.1016/j.ygcen.2010.09.017