TitleHeydenius araneus n.sp (Nematoda : Mermithidae), a parasite of a fossil spider, with an examination of helminths from extant spiders (Arachnida : Araneae)
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2000
AuthorsPoinar, GO
JournalInvertebrate Biology
Volume119
Pagination388-393
Type of ArticleJournal Article
ISSN1077-8306
Abstract

A mermithid, a parasite of a spider (Araneae: Thomisidae) in Baltic amber (40 mya), is described as Heydenius araneus n.sp. (Nematoda: Mermithidae) and represents the first fossil record of a nematode parasite of an arachnid. After a critical examination of reports of naturally occurring helminths of extant spiders, I conclude that although mermithid parasitism is well established in this host group, previous reports of hairworm parasites of spiders are "nomina dubia," putative records, or refer to mermithid nematodes.

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