TitleFirst fossil record of nematode parasitism of ants; a 40 million year tale
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsPoinar, GO
JournalParasitology
Volume125
Pagination457-459
Type of ArticleJournal Article
ISSN0031-1820
Abstract

A mermithid nematode emerging from a male ant, Prenolepis henschei Mayr, in Baltic amber is the first fossil record demonstrating nematode parasitism of ants. This parasite, described as Heydenius formicinus sp. n., is compared to extant mermithid parasites of ants, especially Allomermis myrmecophila Baylis 1921. The present fossil, together with earlier reports of braconid and mite parasitism of ants in Baltic amber, indicates that several diverse groups had already evolved parasitic associations with ants by the Eocene.

URL<Go to ISI>://WOS:000179569600007
DOI10.1017/s0031182002002287