TitleEffects of UVB radiation on marine and freshwater organisms: a synthesis through meta-analysis
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsBancroft, BA, Baker, NJ, Blaustein, AR
JournalEcology Letters
Volume10
Pagination332-345
Type of ArticleJournal Article
ISSN1461-023X
Abstract

Ultraviolet-B (UVB) radiation is a global stressor with potentially far-reaching ecological impacts. In the first quantitative analysis of the effects of UVB on aquatic organisms, we used meta-analytic techniques to explore the effects of UVB on survival and growth in freshwater and marine systems. Based on the large body of literature on the effects of UVB in aquatic systems, we predicted that UVB would have different effects in different habitats, experimental venues, trophic groups and life history stages. Contrary to our predictions, we found an overall negative effect of UVB on both survival and growth that crossed life histories, trophic groups, habitats and experimental venues. UVB had larger negative effects on growth in embryos compared with later life history stages. Despite the overall negative effect of UVB, effect sizes varied widely. In the survival analyses, no relationship between mean effect size and taxonomic groups or levels of exposure to UVB was detected. In the growth analyses, a larger negative effect on protozoans was observed. Our analyses suggest that the effects of UVB in aquatic systems are large and negative but highly variable between organisms. Variation in susceptibility may have important implications for population and community structure.

URL<Go to ISI>://WOS:000244883700008
DOI10.1111/j.1461-0248.2007.01022.x