TitleEffects of laboratory culture on compatibility between snails and schistosomes
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsTheron, A, Coustau, C, Rognon, A, Gourbiere, S, Blouin, M
JournalParasitology
Volume135
Pagination1179-1188
Type of ArticleJournal Article
ISSN0031-1820
Abstract

The genetic control of compatibility between laboratory strains of schistosomes and their snail hosts has been Studied intensively since the 1970s. These studies show (1) a bewildering array of genotype-by-genotype interactions - compatibility between one pair of strains rarely predicts compatibility with other strains, and (2) evidence for a variety of (sometimes conflicting) genetic mechanisms. Why do we observe Such variable and conflicting results? One Possibility is that it is partly an artifact of the use of laboratory strains that have been in culture for many years and are often inbred. Here we show that results of compatibility trials between snails and schistosomes - all derived from the same natural population - depend very much on whether one uses laboratory-cultured or field-collected individuals. Explanations include environmental effects of the lab on either host or parasite, and genetic changes in either host or parasite during laboratory culture. One intriguing possibility that genetic bottlenecks during laboratory culture cause the random fixation of alleles at highly polymorphic loci that control the matched/mismatched status of hosts and parasites. We show that a simple model of Phenotype matching could produce close response curves that look very similar to empirical observations. Such a model would explain Much of the genotype-by-genotype Interaction in compatibility observed among strains.

URL<Go to ISI>://WOS:000259626400005
DOI10.1017/s0031182008004745