TitleEarly Cretaceous trypanosomatids associated with fossil sand fly larvae in Burmese amber
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsPoinar, GO
JournalMemorias Do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Type of ArticleJournal Article

Early Cretaceous flagellates with characters typical of trypanosomatids were found in the gut of sand fly larvae, as well as in surrounding debris, in Burmese amber. This discovery supports a hypothesis in which free-living trypanosomatids could have been acquired by sand fly larvae in their feeding environment and then carried transtadially into the adult stage. At some point in time, specific genera were introduced into vertebrates, thus establishing a dixenous life cycle.

URL<Go to ISI>://WOS:000248917900015