TitleDevelopment of the renal sexual segment in immature snakes: effect of sex steroid hormones
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsKrohmer, RW, Martinez, D, Mason, RT
JournalComparative Biochemistry and Physiology a-Molecular & Integrative Physiology
Volume139
Pagination55-64
Type of ArticleJournal Article
ISSN1095-6433
Abstract

The renal sexual segment (RSS) of immature Northern and Diamondback Water Snakes and Red-Sided Garter Snakes exhibited varying responses to testosterone or 17beta-estradiol. In both male and female water snakes, kidney mass was not a reliable indicator of hormone treatment, whereas tubule diameter, epithelial height and number of sexual granules responded to hormone treatment. In male water snakes, either hormone initiated granule development by day 16; by day 23, only testosterone increased granule density. Female water snakes receiving either hormone exhibited a small number of granules by day 16; by day 23, granules increased only in Diamondback Water Snakes receiving testosterone. Hormones did not initiate RSS hypertrophy in female Red-Sided Garter Snakes. Tubule diameter and epithelial height of testosterone-treated males exhibited significant hypertrophy, while 17beta-estradiol initiated significant increases in tubule diameter. Garter snakes initiated sexual granule development in response to hormone treatment with males exhibiting a greater response than females and testosterone stimulating a greater response than 17beta-estradiol. Sex steroids appear to mimic sexual maturity in immature snakes initiating RSS development. Whereas the RSS of adult males respond to testosterone, our data suggest specific changes in the RSS of females during maturation effectively negates the effect of 17beta-estradiol evident in immature female RSS. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

URL<Go to ISI>://WOS:000224664200007
DOI10.1016/j.cbpb.2004.06.015