TitleCulex malariager, N. sp (Diptera : Culicidae) from Dominican amber: The first fossil mosquito vector of plasmodium
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsPoinar, GO
JournalProceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington
Volume107
Pagination548-553
Type of ArticleJournal Article
ISSN0013-8797
Abstract

A new species of fossil mosquito, Culex malariager (Culicidae: Diptera), is described from Dominican amber. This species differs from extant members of the genus by the following combination of characters: 1) proboscis shorter than antennae; 2) wing scales both long and narrow and short and broad; 3) base of R vein (remigium) with two groups of dorsal setae; 4) clypeus as long as broad; 5) empodium on foretarsus; 6) vein 2A with rows of erect, short setae, and 7) postgenital lobe covering base of cerci. Inside the body cavity of C. malariensis are various stages (oocysts, sporozoites, ookinete, and microgametocyte) of a Plasmodium malarial parasite. This is the first record of a fossil mosquito vector of a vertebrate pathogen.

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