TitleThe complexity of amphibian population declines: understanding the role of cofactors in driving amphibian losses
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsBlaustein, AR, Han, BA, Relyea, RA, Johnson, PTJ, Buck, JC, Gervasi, SS, Kats, LB
EditorOstfeld, RS, Schlesinger, WH
Book TitleYear in Ecology and Conservation Biology
Series TitleAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
PublisherBlackwell Science Publ
ISBN Number0077-8923 978-1-57331-833-4

Population losses and extinctions of species are occurring at unprecedented rates, as exemplified by declines and extinctions of amphibians worldwide. However, studies of amphibian population declines generally do not address the complexity of the phenomenon or its implications for ecological communities, focusing instead on single factors affecting particular amphibian species. We argue that the causes for amphibian population declines are complex; may differ among species, populations, and life stages within a population; and are context dependent with multiple stressors interacting to drive declines. Because amphibians are key components of communities, we emphasize the importance of investigating amphibian declines at the community level. Selection pressures over evolutionary time have molded amphibian life history characteristics, such that they may remain static even in the face of strong, recent human-induced selection pressures.

URL<Go to ISI>://WOS:000290066400006