TitleCoastal oceanography sets the pace of rocky intertidal community dynamics
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2003
AuthorsMenge, B, Lubchenco, J, Bracken, MES, Chan, F, Foley, MM, Freidenburg, TL, Gaines, SD, Hudson, G, Krenz, C, Leslie, H, Menge, DNL, Russell, R, Webster, MS
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Type of ArticleJournal Article

The structure of ecological communities reflects a tension among forces that alter populations. Marine ecologists previously emphasized control by locally operating forces (predation, competition, and disturbance), but newer studies suggest that inputs from large-scale oceanographically modulated subsidies (nutrients, particulates, and propagules) can strongly influence community structure and dynamics. On New Zealand rocky shores, the magnitude of such subsidies differs profoundly between contrasting oceanographic regimes. Community structure, and particularly the pace of community dynamics, differ dramatically between intermittent upwelling regimes compared with relatively persistent downwelling regimes. We suggest that subsidy rates are a key determinant of the intensity of species interactions, and thus of structure in marine systems, and perhaps also nonmarine communities.

URL<Go to ISI>://WOS:000186024300055