TitleBiomphalaria glabrata peroxiredoxin: Effect of Schistosoma mansoni infection on differential gene regulation
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsKnight, M, Raghavan, N, Goodall, C, Cousin, C, Ittiprasert, W, Sayed, A, Miller, A, Williams, DL, Bayne, CJ
JournalMolecular and Biochemical Parasitology
Type of ArticleJournal Article

To identify gene(s) that may be associated with resistance/susceptibility in the intermediate snail host Biomphalaria glabrata to Schistosoma mansoni infection, a snail albumen gland cDNA library was differentially screened and a partial cDNA encoding an antioxidant enzyme thioredoxin peroxidase (Tpx), or peroxiredoxin (Prx), was identified. The 753 bp full-length, single-copy, constitutively expressed gene now referred to as BgPrx4 was later isolated. BgPrx4 is a 2-Cys peroxiredoxin containing the conserved peroxidatic cysteine (C(P)) in the N-terminus and the resolving cysteine (C(R)) in the C-terminus. Sequence analysis of BgPrx4 from both resistant and susceptible snails revealed the presence of several (at least 7) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Phylogenetic analysis indicated BgPrx4 to resemble a homolog of human peroxiredoxin, PRDX4. Northern analysis of hepatopancreas RNA from both resistant and susceptible snails showed that upon parasite exposure there were qualitative changes in gene expression. Quantitative real-time RT-PCR analysis showed differences in the levels of BgPrx4 transcript induction following infection, with the transcript up-regulated in resistant snails during the early phase (5 h) of infection compared to susceptible snails in which it was down-regulated within the early time period. While there was an increase in transcription in susceptible snails later (48 h) post-infection, this never reached the levels detected in resistant snails. A similar trend - higher, earlier up-regulation in the resistant snails but lower, slower protein expression in susceptible snails - was observed by Western blot analysis. Enzymatic analysis of the purified, recombinant BgPrx4 revealed the snail sequence to function as PT-x but with an unusual ability to use both thioredoxin and glutathione as substrates. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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